Biomechanics: Cadence/Cranks/Pedals/Shoes/Chainrings/Pedaling
Frequency and pattern of voluntary pedalling is influenced after one week of heavy strength training, 2014
Validity and Reliability of the Look Keo Power Pedal System for Measuring Power Output During Incremental and Repeated Sprint Cycling, 2014
Integrated Inertial Sensors and Mobile Computing for Real-Time Cycling Performance Guidance via Pedaling Profile Classification, 2014
Physiological Responses during Cycling With Oval Chainrings (Q-Ring) and Circular Chainrings, 2014
Does a non-circular chainring improve performance in the bicycle motocross cycling start sprint? 2014
From bicycle chain ring shape to gear ratio: Algorithm and examples, 2014
Pedal force effectiveness in Cycling: a review of constraints and training effects, 2013
VRACK: Measuring pedal kinematics during stationary bike cycling. 2013
Maximal torque and power pedaling rate relationships for high level BMX riders in field tests, 2013
A measurement system for the bicycle crank angle using a wireless motion sensor attached to the crank arm, 2013
Analysis of the pedaling biomechanics of masterŐs cyclists: A preliminary study, 2012
The effects of cycling cleat position on subsequent running performance in a simulated duathlon, 2012
Gross efficiency and cycling performance: a brief review, 2012
Influence of a new bicycle crank design on aerobic parameters of non-cyclists. 2012
Muscle synergies are consistent when pedaling under different biomechanical demands. 2012
Influence of road incline and body position on power-cadence relationship in endurance cycling 2012
Power-cadence relationship in endurance cycling. 2012
Cyclists' improvement of pedaling efficacy and performance after heavy strength training. 2012
Evolution of pedalling biomechanics during a Wingate test for different cyclist types: a preliminary study. 2012
A kinematic comparison of alterations to knee and ankle angles from resting measures to active pedaling during a graded exercise protocol. 2012
Effects of different pedalling techniques on muscle fatigue and mechanical efficiency during prolonged cycling. 2012
Effect of crank length on joint-specific power during maximal cycling. 2011
Effect of "Pose" cycling on efficiency and pedaling mechanics. 2011
The effect of cadence on timing of muscle activation and mechanical output in cycling: on the activation dynamics hypothesis. 2011
Effects of saddle height, pedaling cadence, and workload on joint kinetics and kinematics during cycling. 2010
Interpretation of crank torque during an all-out cycling exercise at high pedal rate. 2010
Force-velocity relationship in cycling revisited: benefit of two-dimensional pedal forces analysis. 2010
Muscle coordination while pulling up during cycling. 2010
The influence of seat configuration on maximal average crank power during pedaling: a simulation study. 2010
Different effect of cadence on cycling efficiency between young and older cyclists. 2010
Which factors determine the freely chosen cadence during submaximal cycling? 2010
The necessity of physiological muscle parameters for computing the muscle forces: application to lower extremity loading during pedalling. 2009
Cycling with noncircular chainring system changes the three-dimensional kinematics of the lower limbs. 2009
Influence of extreme pedal rates on pulmonary O(2) uptake kinetics during transitions to high-intensity exercise from an elevated baseline. 2009
Influence of different racing positions on mechanical and electromyographic patterns during pedalling. 2009
Changes of pedaling technique and muscle coordination during an exhaustive exercise. 2009
Effects of gradient and speed on freely chosen cadence: the key role of crank inertial load. 2009
Factors associated with the selection of the freely chosen cadence in non-cyclists. 2009
Cycling efficiency and performance following short-term training using uncoupled cranks. 2009
Intra-session repeatability of lower limb muscles activation pattern during pedaling. 2008
Effects of petrissage massage on fatigue and exercise performance following intensive cycle pedalling. 2008
Cadence and workload effects on pedaling technique of well-trained cyclists. 2008
The performance and efficiency of cycling with a carbon fiber eccentric chainring during incremental exercise. 2007
Cycling performance and mechanical variables using a new prototype chainring. 2007
Laboratory versus outdoor cycling conditions: differences in pedaling biomechanics. 2007
Muscle activation during cycling at different cadences: effect of maximal strength capacity. 2007
Effect of pedaling technique on muscle activity and cycling efficiency. 2007
Bilateral pedaling asymmetry during a simulated 40-km cycling time-trial. 2007
The effect of crank inertial load on the physiological and biomechanical responses of trained cyclists. 2007
Effect of pedaling technique on mechanical effectiveness and efficiency in cyclists. 2007
Influence of cadence, power output and hypoxia on the joint moment distribution during cycling. 2007
Development and evaluation of a new bicycle instrument for measurements of pedal forces and power output in cycling. 2007
Effect of pedal rate on diurnal variations in cardiorespiratory variables. 2006
The effects of augmented feedback training in cadence acquisition. 2006
Development and calibration of a pedal with force and moment sensors. 2006
Gastrocnemius and soleus muscle length, velocity, and EMG responses to changes in pedalling cadence. 2006
Muscle fiber type effects on energetically optimal cadences in cycling. 2006
Muscular activity level during pedalling is not affected by crank inertial load. 2005
Electromechanical delay estimated by using electromyography during cycling at different pedaling frequencies. 2004
Pedalling rate affects endurance performance during high-intensity cycling. 2004
Neuromuscular and biomechanical coupling in human cycling: adaptations to changes in crank length. 2003
Gear, inertial work and road slopes as determinants of biomechanics in cycling. 2003
The effect of prolonged cycling on pedal forces. 2003
Muscle fibre type, efficiency, and mechanical optima affect freely chosen pedal rate during cycling. 2002
Crank inertial load affects freely chosen pedal rate during cycling. 2002
Biomechanical determinants of pedaling energetics: internal and external work are not independent. 2002
Pedal trajectory alters maximal single-leg cycling power. 2002
A new pedaling design: the Rotor--effects on cycling performance. 2002
Effect of cycling experience and pedal cadence on the near-infrared spectroscopy parameters. 2002
The influence of ergometer pedaling direction on peak patellofemoral joint forces. 2001
Simulation analysis of muscle activity changes with altered body orientations during pedaling. 2001
The generalized torque approach for analyzing the results of pedaling tests. 2001
Preferred pedalling cadence in professional cycling. 2001
Bicycle drive system dynamics: theory and experimental validation. 2000
Characteristics of the force applied to a pedal during human pushing efforts: emergent linearity. 2000
Effect of cadence, cycling experience, and aerobic power on delta efficiency during cycling. 2000
Is a joint moment-based cost function associated with preferred cycling cadence? 2000
Knee joint loading in forward versus backward pedaling: implications for rehabilitation strategies. 2000
Muscle contributions to specific biomechanical functions do not change in forward versus backward pedaling. 2000
The influence of cadence and power output on force application and in-shoe pressure distribution during cycling by competitive and recreational cyclists. 2000
Contralateral movement and extensor force generation alter flexion phase muscle coordination in pedaling. 2000
The effect of pedal crank arm length on joint angle and power production in upright cycle ergometry. 2000
Cycling efficiency and pedalling frequency in road cyclists. 1999
Electromyographic timing analysis of forward and backward cycling. 1999
The association between negative muscle work and pedaling rate. 1999
The influence of pedaling rate on bilateral asymmetry in cycling. 1999
Perceived exertion and the preferred cycling cadence. 1998
A pedal dynamometer for off-road bicycling. 1998
Neuromuscular, metabolic, and kinetic adaptations for skilled pedaling performance in cyclists. 1998
Pedal and knee loads using a multi-degree-of-freedom pedal platform in cycling. 1997
Torque-velocity relationship during cycle ergometer sprints with and without toe clips. 1997
Effect of cycling experience, aerobic power, and power output on preferred and most economical cycling cadences. 1997
The effects of bicycle crank arm length on oxygen consumption. 1997
Muscle coordination of maximum-speed pedaling. 1997
An improved accuracy six-load component pedal dynamometer for cycling. 1996
Muscle activity patterns altered during pedaling at different body orientations. 1996
A state-space analysis of mechanical energy generation, absorption, and transfer during pedaling. 1996
Crank inertial load has little effect on steady-state pedaling coordination. 1996
Work and power outputs determined from pedalling and flywheel friction forces during brief maximal exertion on a cycle ergometer. 1996
 [Femoral neck fractures in bicyclists due to clipless pedals]. 1995
The effect of clipless float design on shoe/pedal interface kinetics and overuse knee injuries during cycling. 1995
Biomechanical factors associated with shoe/pedal interfaces. Implications for injury. 1994
A theoretical basis for interpreting the force applied to the pedal in cycling. 1993
Response of intersegmental knee loads to foot/pedal platform degrees of freedom in cycling. 1993
Efficiency of trained cyclists using circular and noncircular chainrings. 1992
[Insertion tendinopathy of the knee joint in bicycle athletes in relation to body position and shoe-pedal position]. 1992
EMG profiles of lower extremity muscles during cycling at constant workload and cadence. 1992
The influence of cadence and power output on the biomechanics of force application during steady-rate cycling in competitive and recreational cyclists. 1991
The biomechanics of cycling shoes. 1990
Efficiency of pedal forces during ergometer cycling. 1988
Bivariate optimization of pedalling rate and crank arm length in cycling. 1988
Prediction of pedal forces in bicycling using optimization methods. 1986
On the relation between joint moments and pedalling rates at constant power in bicycling. 1986
A method for biomechanical analysis of bicycle pedalling. 1985
Measurement of pedal loading in bicycling: II. Analysis and results. 1981
Measurement of pedal loading in bicycling: I. Instrumentation. 1981