Nutrition: Carbohydrates
Effects of carbohydrate combined with caffeine on repeated sprint cycling and agility performance in female athletes, 2014
Caffeine increases anaerobic work and restores cycling performance following a protocol designed to lower endogenous carbohydrate availability, 2014
Co-ingestion of caffeine and carbohydrate after meal does not improve performance at high-intensity intermittent sprints with short recovery times, 2014
The Effect of the Timing of Meal Intake on Energy Metabolism during Moderate Exercise, 2014
Postexercise Macronutrient Intake and Subsequent Postprandial Triglyceride Metabolism, 2014
The performance effect of early versus late carbohydrate feedings during prolonged exercise, 2014
Energy and macronutrient intake of a female vegan cyclist during an 8-day mountain bike stage race, 2014
The ingestion of protein with a maltodextrin and fructose beverage on substrate utilisation and exercise performance, 2013
Improved Gross Efficiency during Long Duration Submaximal Cycling Following a Short-term High Carbohydrate Diet, 2013
Effects of a short-term carbohydrate-restricted diet on strength and power performance, 2013
Coingestion of carbohydrate and protein during training reduces training stress and enhances subsequent exercise performance, 2013
Co-ingestion of carbohydrate and whey protein isolates enhance PGC-1α mRNA expression: a randomised, single blind, cross over study, 2013
Fluid Balance, Carbohydrate Ingestion and Body Temperature During Men's Stage-Race Cycling in Temperate Environmental Conditions, 2013
Effect of short-duration lipid supplementation on fat oxidation during exercise and cycling performance, 2013
Effect of Drink Carbohydrate Content on Post-Exercise Gastric Emptying, Rehydration and the Calculation of Net Fluid Balance, 2013
Caffeine increases anaerobic work and restores cycling performance following a protocol designed to lower endogenous carbohydrate availability, 2013
Fructose-maltodextrin ratio governs exogenous and other CHO oxidation and performance, 2013
Glycemic response to carbohydrate and the effects of exercise and protein, 2013
Post-prandial carbohydrate ingestion during 1-h of moderate-intensity, intermittent cycling does not improve mood, perceived exertion, or subsequent power output in recreationally-active exercisers, 2013
Effects of a low- or a high-carbohydrate diet on performance, energy system contribution, and metabolic responses during supramaximal exercise, 2013
Effect of the glycemic index of pre-exercise snack bars on substrate utilization during subsequent exercise, 2013
The effects of sports drink osmolality on fluid intake and immunoendocrine responses to cycling in hot conditions, 2013
Effect of varying the concentrations of carbohydrate and milk protein in rehydration solutions ingested after exercise in the heat, 2013
Strategies of dietary carbohydrate manipulation and their effects on performance in cycling time trials, 2013
Effect of post-exercise protein-leucine feeding on neutrophil function, immunomodulatory plasma metabolites and cortisol during a 6-day block of intense cycling, 2013
Caffeine ingestion and cycling power output in a low or normal muscle glycogen state, 2013
Anti-inflammatory effects of a special carbohydrate-whey protein cake after exhaustive cycling in humans, 2013
Preexercise high and low glycemic index meals and cycling performance in untrained females: randomized, cross-over trial of efficacy, 2013
High versus low glycemic index 3-h recovery diets following glycogen-depleting exercise has no effect on subsequent 5-km cycling time trial performance, 2013
The influence of exogenous carbohydrate provision and pre-exercise alkalosis on the heat shock protein response to prolonged interval cycling, 2013
Carbohydrates and exercise performance in non-fasted athletes: a systematic review of studies mimicking real-life, 2013
Curvilinear dose-response relationship of carbohydrate (0-120 gh(-1)) and performance, 2013
Nutrition for adventure racing, 2012
Recovery from cycling exercise: effects of carbohydrate and protein beverages, 2012
Independent and combined effects of carbohydrate and caffeine ingestion on aerobic cycling performance in the fed state, 2012
Carbohydrate intake and food sources of junior triathletes during a moderate and an intensive training period, 2012
Bananas as an energy source during exercise: a metabolomics approach, 2012
Effect of a special carbohydrate-protein cake on oxidative stress markers after exhaustive cycling in humans, 2012
Effects of isocaloric carbohydrate vs. carbohydrate-protein supplements on cycling time to exhaustion, 2012
Improved cycling performance with ingestion of hydrolyzed marine protein depends on performance level, 2012
Effect of betaine supplementation on cycling sprint performance, 2012
Independent and combined effects of carbohydrate and caffeine ingestion on aerobic cycling performance in the fed state, 2012
An investigative study into the influence of a commercially available carbohydrate-protein-electrolyte beverage on short term repeated exercise performance, 2012
Nutritional behavior of cyclists during a 24-hour team relay race: a field study report, 2012
Energy intakes of ultraendurance cyclists during competition, an observational study, 2012
Nutritional intake and gastrointestinal problems during competitive endurance events, 2012
A scientific nutrition strategy improves time trial performance by 6% when compared with a self-chosen nutrition strategy in trained cyclists: a randomized cross-over study, 2012
Ingesting a high-dose carbohydrate solution during the cycle section of a simulated Olympic-distance triathlon improves subsequent run performance, 2012
Effects of 4:1 carbohydrate/protein solution versus a carbohydrate-alone solution on IL-6, TNF-α, and cortisol during prolonged cycling in hot environmental conditions, 2012
Composite versus single transportable carbohydrate solution enhances race and laboratory cycling performance, 2012
The effects of carbohydrate intake and muscle glycogen content on self-paced intermittent-sprint exercise despite no knowledge of carbohydrate manipulation, 2012
Energy intakes of ultraendurance cyclists during competition, an observational study, 2012
Nutritional behavior of cyclists during a 24-hour team relay race: a field study report, 2012
High energy deficit in an ultraendurance athlete in a 24-hour ultracycling race, 2012
The effects of low and high glycemic index foods on exercise performance and beta-endorphin responses, 2011
The effects of low and high glycemic index 24-h recovery diets on cycling time trial performance, 2011
Endocrine responses during overnight recovery from exercise: impact of nutrition and relationships with muscle protein synthesis, 2011
Nutritional intake and gastrointestinal problems during competitive endurance events, 2012
Exercise training biomarkers: influence of short-term diet modification on the blood lactate to rating of perceived exertion (La:RPE) ratio, 2011
The influence of carbohydrate-protein co-ingestion following endurance exercise on myofibrillar and mitochondrial protein synthesis, 2011
Nutrition for power sports: middle-distance running, track cycling, rowing, canoeing/kayaking, and swimming, 2011
Nutrition for endurance sports: marathon, triathlon, and road cycling, 2011
A low carbohydrate-protein supplement improves endurance performance in female athletes, 2011
Impact of protein coingestion on muscle protein synthesis during continuous endurance type exercise, 2011
Combined carbohydrate-protein supplementation improves competitive endurance exercise performance in the heat, 2011
Metabolic responses to high glycemic index and low glycemic index meals: a controlled crossover clinical trial, 2011
Fructose-maltodextrin ratio in a carbohydrate-electrolyte solution differentially affects exogenous carbohydrate oxidation rate, gut comfort, and performance, 2011
Effect of high-protein feeding on performance and nitrogen balance in female cyclists, 2011
Race-day carbohydrate intakes of elite triathletes contesting olympic-distance triathlon events, 2010
The effect of a low carbohydrate beverage with added protein on cycling endurance performance in trained athletes, 2010
Protein and carbohydrate supplementation during 5-day aerobic training enhanced plasma volume expansion and thermoregulatory adaptation in young men, 2010
Effects of ingesting protein in combination with carbohydrate during exercise on endurance performance: a systematic review with meta-analysis, 2010
Multiple transportable carbohydrates enhance gastric emptying and fluid delivery, 2010
Pre-exercise intake of different carbohydrates modifies ischemic reactive hyperemia after a session of anaerobic, but not after aerobic exercise, 2010
Daily training with high carbohydrate availability increases exogenous carbohydrate oxidation during endurance cycling, 2010
Effect of various carbohydrate-electrolyte fluids on cycling performance and maximal voluntary contraction, 2010
CHO oxidation from a CHO gel compared with a drink during exercise, 2010
Oxidation of solid versus liquid CHO sources during exercise, 2010
Influence of chronic dietary carbohydrate supplementation on plasma cytokine responses to exercise, 2010
A low carbohydrate diet affects autonomic modulation during heavy but not moderate exercise, 2010
Carbohydrate feeding during recovery alters the skeletal muscle metabolic response to repeated sessions of high-intensity interval exercise in humans, 2010
No effect of carbohydrate-protein on cycling performance and indices of recovery, 2010
Added protein maintains efficacy of a low-carbohydrate sports drink, 2010
Effect of the glycaemic index of a pre-exercise meal on metabolism and cycling time trial performance, 2010
The effects of low- and high-glycemic index meals on time trial performance, 2009
Impact of protein and carbohydrate supplementation on plasma volume expansion and thermoregulatory adaptation by aerobic training in older men, 2009
Protein and carbohydrate supplementation after exercise increases plasma volume and albumin content in older and young men, 2009
Legal nutritional boosting for cycling, 2009
Carbohydrate ingestion during exercise does not delay the onset of fatigue during submaximal cycle exercise, 2009
Postexercise rehydration in man: the effects of osmolality and carbohydrate content of ingested drinks, 2009
Effects of carbohydrate supplementation on the RPE-blood lactate relationship, 2009
Impact of carbohydrate supplementation during endurance training on glycogen storage and performance, 2009
Carbohydrate and protein hydrolysate coingestions improvement of late-exercise time-trial performance, 2009
Protein and antioxidants in an isocaloric carbohydrate drink: effect on plasma oxidative-stress markers and IL-6, 2009
Cereal and nonfat milk support muscle recovery following exercise, 2009
Duathlon performance unaltered by short-term changes in dietary fat and carbohydrates, 2009
Effect of carbohydrate availability on time to exhaustion in exercise performed at two different intensities, 2009
Glycogen synthesis after road cycling in the fed state, 2009
Influence of a fed or fasted state on the s-IgA response to prolonged cycling in active men and women, 2009
Nutritional practices of male cyclists before and during an ultraendurance event, 2008
Recovery from a cycling time trial is enhanced with carbohydrate-protein supplementation vs. isoenergetic carbohydrate supplementation, 2008
No effect of carbohydrate feeding on 16 km cycling time trial performance, 2008
Effects of an amino acid carbohydrate drink on exercise performance after consecutive-day exercise bouts, 2008
Caffeine and carbohydrate supplementation during exercise when in negative energy balance: effects on performance, metabolism, and salivary cortisol, 2008
High rates of muscle glycogen resynthesis after exhaustive exercise when carbohydrate is coingested with caffeine, 2008
Influence of carbohydrate-protein beverage on cycling endurance and indices of muscle disruption, 2008
Pre-exercise carbohydrate status influences carbohydrate-mediated attenuation of post-exercise cytokine responses, 2008
Carbohydrate gel ingestion and immunoendocrine responses to cycling in temperate and hot conditions, 2008
Effect of dietary protein content during recovery from high-intensity cycling on subsequent performance and markers of stress, inflammation, and muscle damage in well-trained men, 2008
Effect of carbohydrate ingestion and ambient temperature on muscle fatigue development in endurance-trained male cyclists, 2008
Carbohydrate and carbohydrate + protein for cycling time-trial performance, 2008
Superior endurance performance with ingestion of multiple transportable carbohydrates, 2008
Post exercise carbohydrate-protein supplementation: phosphorylation of muscle proteins involved in glycogen synthesis and protein translation, 2008
Glycaemic control in athletes, 2008
Maximising performance in triathlon: applied physiological and nutritional aspects of elite and non-elite competitions, 2008
Carbohydrate supplementation during prolonged cycling exercise spares muscle glycogen but does not affect intramyocellular lipid use, 2007
Effect of duration and exogenous carbohydrate on gross efficiency during cycling, 2007
Exogenous carbohydrate spares muscle glycogen in men and women during 10 h of exercise, 2007
Influence of carbohydrate, intense exercise, and rest intervals on hormonal and oxidative changes, 2007
The excesive intake of macronutrients: does it influence the sports performances of young cyclists? 2007
Immunoendocrine response to cycling following ingestion of caffeine and carbohydrate, 2007
Supercompensated glycogen loads persist 5 days in resting trained cyclists, 2007
Fiber type-specific muscle glycogen sparing due to carbohydrate intake before and during exercise, 2007
Carbohydrate consumption during cycling increases in vitro NK cell responses to IL-2 and IFN-gamma, 2007
Carbohydrate effect: hormone and oxidative changes, 2007
Endurance training on low-carbohydrate and grain-based diets: a case study, 2007
Consumption of an oral carbohydrate-protein gel improves cycling endurance and prevents postexercise muscle damage, 2007
Energy substrate utilization during prolonged exercise with and without carbohydrate intake in preadolescent and adolescent girls, 2007
Carbohydrate attenuates perceived exertion during intermittent exercise and recovery, 2007
Dose-response effects of ingested carbohydrate on exercise metabolism in women, 2007
Energy balance during two days of continuous stationary cycling, 2007
Influence of carbohydrate on immune function following 2 h cycling, 2006
Effect of an isocaloric carbohydrate-protein-antioxidant drink on cycling performance, 2006
Failure of protein to improve time trial performance when added to a sports drink, 2006
Effect of altered pre-exercise carbohydrate availability on selection and perception of effort during prolonged cycling, 2006
Manipulation of dietary carbohydrates after prolonged effort modifies muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum responses in exercising males, 2006
A whey-supplemented, high-protein diet versus a high-carbohydrate diet: effects on endurance cycling performance, 2006
Effects of graded carbohydrate supplementation on the immune response in cycling, 2006
Effects of prior exercise and a low-carbohydrate diet on muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum function during cycling in women, 2006
Decreased PDH activation and glycogenolysis during exercise following fat adaptation with carbohydrate restoration, 2006
Fat adaptation followed by carbohydrate loading compromises high-intensity sprint performance, 2006
Metabolic response to carbohydrate ingestion during exercise in males and females, 2006
A rice diet is associated with less fat synthesis/accumulation than a bread diet before exercise therapy, 2005
Influence of acute vitamin C and/or carbohydrate ingestion on hormonal, cytokine, and immune responses to prolonged exercise, 2005
Effect of high-fat or high-carbohydrate diets on endurance exercise: a meta-analysis, 2005
Effect of carbohydrate and prolonged exercise on affect and perceived exertion, 2005
The effect of sweetness on the efficacy of carbohydrate supplementation during exercise in the heat, 2005
The effects of carbohydrate supplementation during the second of two prolonged cycling bouts on immunoendocrine responses, 2005
The effects of carbohydrate supplementation during repeated bouts of prolonged exercise on saliva flow rate and immunoglobulin A, 2005
Gastric emptying and intestinal absorption of a low-carbohydrate sport drink during exercise, 2005
Muscle cytokine mRNA changes after 2.5 h of cycling: influence of carbohydrate, 2005
Carbohydrate supplementation improves time-trial cycle performance during energy deficit at 4,300-m altitude, 2005
Caffeine increases exogenous carbohydrate oxidation during exercise, 2005
Energy intake and energy expenditure of elite cyclists during preseason training, 2005
Effect of carbohydrate on portal vein blood flow during exercise, 2005
Effect of carbohydrate ingestion on exercise-induced alterations in metabolic gene expression, 2005
Effect of prolonged exercise and carbohydrate ingestion on type 1 and type 2 T lymphocyte distribution and intracellular cytokine production in humans, 2005
Carbohydrate-electrolyte feedings and 1 h time trial cycling performance, 2004
Effects of preexercise carbohydrate ingestion on mountain bike performance, 2004
Low vs. high glycemic index carbohydrate gel ingestion during simulated 64-km cycling time trial performance, 2004
Effects of a carbohydrate-protein beverage on cycling endurance and muscle damage, 2004
Combined ingestion of protein and carbohydrate improves protein balance during ultra-endurance exercise, 2004
Dietary composition influences short-term endurance training-induced adaptations of substrate partitioning during exercise, 2004
Reduced neuromuscular activity with carbohydrate ingestion during constant load cycling, 2004
Carbohydrate intake during endurance exercise increases natural killer cell responsiveness to IL-2, 2004
The influence of low versus high carbohydrate diet on a 45-min strenuous cycling exercise, 2004
Effect of pre-exercise carbohydrate ingestion on plasma cytokine, stress hormone, and neutrophil degranulation responses to continuous, high-intensity exercise, 2003
[What happens during the bicycle riding, what is the effect of a piece of cake? 48 hours of blood sugar measurement], 2003
Effect of variable carbohydrate intake on exercise performance in female endurance cyclists, 2003
Effect of a carbohydrate-protein supplement on endurance performance during exercise of varying intensity, 2003
RPE during prolonged cycling with and without carbohydrate ingestion in boys and men, 2003
Effect of prolonged exercise and carbohydrate on total neutrophil elastase content, 2003
Effects of recovery beverages on glycogen restoration and endurance exercise performance, 2003
Effects of pre-exercise ingestion of carbohydrate on glycaemic and insulinaemic responses during subsequent exercise at differing intensities, 2003
Carbohydrate supplementation and exercise-induced changes in T-lymphocyte function, 2003
Influence of prolonged endurance cycling and recovery diet on intramuscular triglyceride content in trained males, 2003
The effect of liquid carbohydrate ingestion on repeated maximal effort exercise in competitive cyclists, 2003
Effects of timing of pre-exercise ingestion of carbohydrate on subsequent metabolism and cycling performance, 2003
Effects of pre-exercise ingestion of differing amounts of carbohydrate on subsequent metabolism and cycling performance, 2003
Dietary intake and supplement use in female master cyclists and runners, 2003
Metabolic profile of 4 h cycling in the field with varying amounts of carbohydrate supply, 2003
The effects of a pre-exercise feeding with or without fungal carbohydrases (Carbogen) on blood parameters and exercise performance in elite cyclists: a preliminary study, 2002
Voluntary food intake by elite female cyclists during training and racing: influence of daily energy expenditure and body composition, 2002
Effects of L-tyrosine and carbohydrate ingestion on endurance exercise performance, 2002
Carbohydrate supplementation during intense exercise and the immune response of cyclists, 2002
The effects of rehydration on cycling performance after exercise-induced dehydration, 2002
Early postexercise muscle glycogen recovery is enhanced with a carbohydrate-protein supplement, 2002
Muscle glycogen content and glucose uptake during exercise in humans: influence of prior exercise and dietary manipulation, 2002
Mobilization and oxidative burst of neutrophils are influenced by carbohydrate supplementation during prolonged cycling in humans, 2002
Postexercise protein intake enhances whole-body and leg protein accretion in humans, 2002
Pre-exercise carbohydrate status and immune responses to prolonged cycling: II. Effect on plasma cytokine concentration, 2001
Pre-exercise carbohydrate status and immune responses to prolonged cycling: I. Effect on neutrophil degranulation, 2001
Does perceived exertion depend on glycemic index of foods ingested throughout three hours before a one-hour high-intensity exercise? 2001
Nutritional practices of male and female endurance cyclists, 2001
Interactions among dietary fat, mineral status, and performance of endurance athletes: a case study, 2001
Carbohydrate beverage ingestion and neutrophil degranulation responses following cycling to fatigue at 75% VO2 max, 2001
Effects of a moderate glycemic meal on exercise duration and substrate utilization, 2001
Addition of protein and amino acids to carbohydrates does not enhance postexercise muscle glycogen synthesis, 2001
Carbohydrate ingestion attenuates the increase in plasma interleukin-6, but not skeletal muscle interleukin-6 mRNA, during exercise in humans, 2001
Comparison of dietary intake and eating behavior of professional road cyclists during training and competition, 2000
Carbohydrate and fluid intake affect the saliva flow rate and IgA response to cycling, 2000
Maximizing postexercise muscle glycogen synthesis: carbohydrate supplementation and the application of amino acid or protein hydrolysate mixtures, 2000
Effects of postexercise carbohydrate-protein feedings on muscle glycogen restoration, 2000
Carbohydrate loading failed to improve 100-km cycling performance in a placebo-controlled trial, 2000
The effect of glycemic index on plasma glucose and lactate levels during incremental exercise, 2000
Effect of prolonged, submaximal exercise and carbohydrate ingestion on monocyte intracellular cytokine production in humans, 2000
Water and carbohydrate ingestion during prolonged exercise increase maximal neuromuscular power, 2000
Ingestion of protein hydrolysate and amino acid-carbohydrate mixtures increases postexercise plasma insulin responses in men, 2000
Placebo effect of carbohydrate feedings during a 40-km cycling time trial, 2000
High-carbohydrate versus high-fat diets: effect on body composition in trained cyclists, 2000
Effects of dietary composition and exercise timing on substrate utilization and sympathoadrenal function in healthy young women, 1999
Glycogen replenishment and repeated maximal effort exercise: effect of liquid carbohydrate, 1999
The effect of a carbohydrate--arginine supplement on postexercise carbohydrate metabolism, 1999
Effects of ingesting a sports bar versus glucose polymer on substrate utilisation and ultra-endurance performance, 1999
Muscle metabolism during prolonged exercise in humans: influence of carbohydrate availability, 1999
Influence of exercise mode and carbohydrate on the immune response to prolonged exercise, 1999
Pre-exercise ingestion of carbohydrate and transient hypoglycemia during exercise, 1999
The effects of exercise and diet manipulation on the capacity to perform prolonged exercise in the heat and in the cold in trained humans, 1999
The effect of a preexercise meal on time to fatigue during prolonged cycling exercise, 1999
Pre-exercise carbohydrate meals: application of glycemic index, 1999
Effects of medium-chain triaclyglycerol ingested with carbohydrate on metabolism and exercise performance, 1999
Drink composition, voluntary drinking, and fluid balance in exercising, trained, heat-acclimatized boys, 1999
Effects of high fat versus high carbohydrate diets on plasma lipids and lipoproteins in endurance athletes, 1998
Carbohydrate intake during prolonged cycling minimizes effect of glycemic index of preexercise meal, 1998
Carbohydrate ingestion immediately before exercise does not improve 20 km time trial performance in well trained cyclists, 1998
Metabolic and performance responses during endurance exercise after high-fat and high-carbohydrate meals, 1998
The effects of substrate and fluid provision on thermoregulatory, cardiorespiratory and metabolic responses to prolonged exercise in a cold environment in man, 1998
Effects of mode and carbohydrate on the granulocyte and monocyte response to intensive, prolonged exercise, 1998
Effect of medium-chain triacylglycerol and carbohydrate ingestion during exercise on substrate utilization and subsequent cycling performance, 1998
Influence of mode and carbohydrate on the cytokine response to heavy exertion, 1998
Effect of carbohydrate supplementation on plasma glutamine during prolonged exercise and recovery, 1998
Consistency in preventing voluntary dehydration in boys who drink a flavored carbohydrate-NaCl beverage during exercise in the heat, 1998
Diet composition and the performance of high-intensity exercise, 1997
Glycemic and insulinemic responses to multiple preexercise carbohydrate feedings, 1997
Carbohydrate-electrolyte feedings improve 1 h time trial cycling performance, 1997
The effect of a low-carbohydrate diet on performance, hormonal and metabolic responses to a 30-s bout of supramaximal exercise, 1997
Carbohydrate-loading and exercise performance. An update, 1997
Carbohydrate ingestion improves endurance performance during a 1 h simulated cycling time trial, 1997
Effects of diet on muscle triglyceride and endurance performance, 1997
Effects of 3 days of carbohydrate supplementation on muscle glycogen content and utilisation during a 1-h cycling performance, 1997
Persistence of supercompensated muscle glycogen in trained subjects after carbohydrate loading, 1997
Preexercise feeding in untrained adolescent boys does not affect responses to endurance exercise or performance, 1997
Carbohydrate drinks delay fatigue during intermittent, high-intensity cycling in active men and women, 1997
Effect of CHO ingestion on exercise metabolism and performance in different ambient temperatures, 1996
Preexercise meal composition alters plasma large neutral amino acid responses during exercise and recovery, 1996
Effect of 4h preexercise high carbohydrate and high fat meal ingestion on endurance performance and metabolism, 1996
Carbohydrate ingestion augments creatine retention during creatine feeding in humans, 1996
Effect of timing of carbohydrate ingestion on endurance exercise performance, 1996
The influence of starch structure on glycogen resynthesis and subsequent cycling performance, 1996
The effects of pre-exercise starch ingestion on endurance performance, 1996
Effect of carbohydrate substrate availability on ratings of perceived exertion during prolonged exercise of moderate intensity, 1996
Effect of carbohydrate ingestion subsequent to carbohydrate supercompensation on endurance performance, 1995
Effects of carbohydrate feeding before and during prolonged exercise on subsequent maximal exercise performance capacity, 1995
Carbohydrate loading and metabolism during exercise in men and women, 1995
The effects of carbohydrate loading on muscle glycogen content and cycling performance, 1995
Hemorheological response to prolonged exercise--no effects of different kinds of feedings, 1995
Exercise performance as a function of semi-solid and liquid carbohydrate feedings during prolonged exercise, 1995
Fluid and carbohydrate ingestion independently improve performance during 1 h of intense exercise, 1995
Preexercise meal affects ride time to fatigue in trained cyclists, 1994
The influence of dietary carbohydrate and pre-exercise glucose consumption on supramaximal intermittent exercise performance, 1994
Effect of carbohydrate ingestion on performance of non-fasted cyclists during a simulated 80-mile time trial, 1994
Systemic effects of ingesting varying amounts of a commercial carbohydrate beverage postexercise, 1994
Carbohydrate drinks and cycling performance, 1994
Glycemic and insulinemic response to preexercise carbohydrate feedings, 1994
Carbohydrate ingestion during exercise: effects on muscle glycogen resynthesis after exercise, 1993
Effect of carbohydrate composition on fluid balance, gastric emptying, and exercise performance, 1993
Metabolic responses when different forms of carbohydrate energy are consumed during cycling, 1993
Gastrointestinal problems as a function of carbohydrate supplements and mode of exercise, 1993
Effects of preexercise candy bar ingestion on glycemic response, substrate utilization, and performance, 1993
Muscle glycogen storage after prolonged exercise: effect of the glycemic index of carbohydrate feedings, 1993
Carbohydrate feedings and exercise performance: effect of initial muscle glycogen concentration, 1993
Differences in the effects of carbohydrate food form on endurance performance to exhaustion, 1993
The influence of dietary carbohydrate on performance of supramaximal intermittent exercise, 1993
Blood glutathione status during exercise: effect of carbohydrate supplementation, 1993
Carbohydrate consumption prior to repeated bouts of high-intensity exercise, 1993
Benefits of fluid replacement with carbohydrate during exercise, 1992
Fluid ingestion during exercise increases skin blood flow independent of increases in blood volume, 1992
Plasma amino acid and ammonia responses to altered dietary intakes prior to prolonged exercise in humans, 1992
Effects of carbohydrate feedings on plasma free tryptophan and branched-chain amino acids during prolonged cycling, 1992
The effects of a carbonated carbohydrate drink on gastric emptying, gastrointestinal distress, and exercise performance, 1992
Fluid replacement after dehydration: influence of beverage carbonation and carbohydrate content, 1992
Carbohydrate supplementation during exercise, 1992
Fluid replacement beverages and maintenance of plasma volume during exercise: role of aldosterone and vasopressin, 1992
Failure of low dose carbohydrate feeding to attenuate glucoregulatory hormone responses and improve endurance performance, 1991
Responses to varying rates of carbohydrate ingestion during exercise, 1991
Effect of diet manipulation on substrate availability and metabolism in trained cyclists, 1991
Carbohydrate supplementation, glycogen depletion, and amino acid metabolism during exercise, 1991
Carbohydrate feeding before exercise: effect of glycemic index, 1991
Carbohydrate ingestion during prolonged exercise: effects on metabolism and performance, 1991
Influence of muscle glycogen depletion on the rate of resynthesis, 1991
Alterations in dietary carbohydrate, protein, and fat intake and mood state in trained female cyclists, 1991
Carbohydrate-electrolyte replacement during a simulated triathlon in the heat, 1990
Effect of a high carbohydrate diet on core temperature during prolonged exercise, 1990
Influence of carbohydrate ingestion on counterregulatory hormones during prolonged exercise, 1990
Fluid replacement drinks during high intensity exercise: effects on minimizing exercise-induced disturbances in homeostasis, 1990
Effects of 4- and 8-h preexercise feedings on substrate use and performance, 1989
Influence of carbohydrate dosage on exercise performance and glycogen metabolism, 1989
Effects of 4 h preexercise carbohydrate feedings on cycling performance, 1989
Exercise and training effects on gastric emptying of carbohydrate beverages, 1989
Glycogen synthesis during exercise and rest with carbohydrate feeding in males and females, 1989
Gastric emptying: influence of prolonged exercise and carbohydrate concentration, 1989
Effect of carbohydrate intake during warming-up on the regulation of blood glucose during exercise, 1989
Eating, drinking, and cycling. A controlled Tour de France simulation study, Part II. Effect of diet manipulation, 1989
Metabolism and performance following carbohydrate ingestion late in exercise, 1989
Carbohydrate feeding and exercise: effect of beverage carbohydrate content, 1989
Increased dietary carbohydrate and endurance during single-leg cycling using a limb with normal muscle glycogen concentration, 1989
Effects of carbohydrate ingestion on gastric emptying and exercise performance, 1988
Carbohydrate-electrolyte drinks: effects on endurance cycling in the heat, 1988
Effect of carbohydrate ingestion on exercise metabolism, 1988
Dietary regimen and performance of high intensity ergometer exercise, 1988
Effect of pre-exercise fructose ingestion on endurance performance in fed men, 1988
Effects of ingesting 6% and 12% glucose/electrolyte beverages during prolonged intermittent cycling in the heat, 1988
Muscle glycogen synthesis after exercise: effect of time of carbohydrate ingestion, 1988
The effects of a glycogen loading regimen on acid-base status and blood lactate concentration before and after a fixed period of high intensity exercise in man, 1988
Carbohydrate feeding and glycogen synthesis during exercise in man, 1987
The effect of fluid and carbohydrate feedings during intermittent cycling exercise, 1987
Reversal of fatigue during prolonged exercise by carbohydrate infusion or ingestion, 1987
Metabolic and hormonal responses to lipid and carbohydrate diets during exercise in man, 1987
Effect of different post-exercise sugar diets on the rate of muscle glycogen synthesis, 1987
Influence of liquid and solid meals on muscle glycogen resynthesis, plasma fuel hormone response, and maximal physical working capacity, 1987
Improvements in exercise performance: effects of carbohydrate feedings and diet, 1987
Influence of selected carbohydrate drinks on cycling performance and glycogen use, 1987
Effect of pre-exercise carbohydrate feedings on endurance cycling performance, 1987
Effects of dietary manipulations on blood glucose and hormonal responses following supramaximal exercise, 1987
Endurance of cyclists given carbohydrate solutions during moderate-intensity rides, 1986
Muscle glycogen utilization during prolonged strenuous exercise when fed carbohydrate, 1986
Effect of carbohydrate feeding frequencies and dosage on muscle glycogen use during exercise, 1985
Substrate usage during prolonged exercise following a preexercise meal, 1985
Effects of a 24-h carbohydrate-poor diet on metabolic and hormonal responses during prolonged glucose-infused leg exercise, 1985
Effect of dietary modifications on lactate threshold and onset of blood lactate accumulation during incremental exercise, 1984
Metabolic responses to a meal during rest and low-intensity exercise, 1984
Effect of carbohydrate feedings on muscle glycogen utilization and exercise performance, 1984
Effect of dietary modifications on lactate threshold and onset of blood lactate accumulation during incremental exercise, 1984
Carbohydrate feeding during prolonged strenuous exercise can delay fatigue, 1983
The effects of a glycogen-loading regimen on the capacity to perform anaerobic exercise, 1981
[Carbohydrate-reduced diet and metabolism: about the influence of a 4-weeks isocaloric fat-rich, carbohydrate-reduced diet on body weight and metabolism (author's transl)], 1979
Effects of preexercise feedings on endurance performance, 1979
Influence of caffeine and carbohydrate feedings on endurance performance, 1979
The effects of normal and glucose syrup work diets on the performance of racing cyclists, 1975