Nutrition: Carbohydrates: Dextrose
A low carbohydrate-protein supplement improves endurance performance in female athletes, 2011
Low vs. high glycemic index carbohydrate gel ingestion during simulated 64-km cycling time trial performance, 2004
Nutrition: Carbohydrates: Fructose
Assessing a commercially available sports drink on exogenous carbohydrate oxidation, fluid delivery and sustained exercise performance, 2014
The ingestion of protein with a maltodextrin and fructose beverage on substrate utilisation and exercise performance, 2013
Fructose-maltodextrin ratio governs exogenous and other CHO oxidation and performance, 2013
Curvilinear dose-response relationship of carbohydrate (0-120 gh(-1)) and performance, 2013
Ingesting a high-dose carbohydrate solution during the cycle section of a simulated Olympic-distance triathlon improves subsequent run performance, 2012
A scientific nutrition strategy improves time trial performance by 6% when compared with a self-chosen nutrition strategy in trained cyclists: a randomized cross-over study, 2012
Composite versus single transportable carbohydrate solution enhances race and laboratory cycling performance, 2012
Fructose and galactose enhance postexercise human liver glycogen synthesis, 2011
A low carbohydrate-protein supplement improves endurance performance in female athletes, 2011
Fructose-maltodextrin ratio in a carbohydrate-electrolyte solution differentially affects exogenous carbohydrate oxidation rate, gut comfort, and performance, 2011
Fructose addition to a glucose supplement modifies perceived exertion during strength and endurance exercise, 2010
A plasma global metabolic profiling approach applied to an exercise study monitoring the effects of glucose, galactose and fructose drinks during post-exercise recovery, 2010
The effect of a low carbohydrate beverage with added protein on cycling endurance performance in trained athletes, 2010
Pre-exercise intake of different carbohydrates modifies ischemic reactive hyperemia after a session of anaerobic, but not after aerobic exercise, 2010
Multiple transportable carbohydrates enhance gastric emptying and fluid delivery, 2010
Superior endurance performance with ingestion of multiple transportable carbohydrates, 2008
Lactate, fructose and glucose oxidation profiles in sports drinks and the effect on exercise performance, 2007
Carbohydrate supplementation during intense exercise and the immune response of cyclists, 2002
Comparison of fructose and glucose ingestion before and during endurance cycling to exhaustion, 2000
Muscle glycogen recovery after exercise during glucose and fructose intake monitored by 13C-NMR, 1996
Systemic effects of ingesting varying amounts of a commercial carbohydrate beverage postexercise, 1994
The influence of pre-exercise glucose ingestion on endurance running capacity, 1994
Glycemic and insulinemic response to preexercise carbohydrate feedings, 1994
Effect of carbohydrate composition on fluid balance, gastric emptying, and exercise performance, 1993
Fluid replacement after dehydration: influence of beverage carbonation and carbohydrate content, 1992
Fluid replacement beverages and maintenance of plasma volume during exercise: role of aldosterone and vasopressin, 1992
The effects of glucose, fructose, and sucrose ingestion during exercise, 1989
Exercise and training effects on gastric emptying of carbohydrate beverages, 1989
Glycogen synthesis during exercise and rest with carbohydrate feeding in males and females, 1989
Effect of carbohydrate intake during warming-up on the regulation of blood glucose during exercise, 1989
Eating, drinking, and cycling. A controlled Tour de France simulation study, Part II. Effect of diet manipulation, 1989
Effect of pre-exercise fructose ingestion on endurance performance in fed men, 1988
Effects of caffeine, fructose, and glucose ingestion on muscle glycogen utilization during exercise, 1987
The effect of fluid and carbohydrate feedings during intermittent cycling exercise, 1987
Effect of different post-exercise sugar diets on the rate of muscle glycogen synthesis, 1987
Influence of selected carbohydrate drinks on cycling performance and glycogen use, 1987
Effect of pre-exercise carbohydrate feedings on endurance cycling performance, 1987
Effect of fructose ingestion on muscle glycogen usage during exercise, 1985
Influence of glucose and fructose ingestion on the capacity for long-term exercise in well-trained men, 1984
Nutrition: Carbohydrates: Galactose
The Effect of Pre-exercise Galactose and Glucose Ingestion on High-Intensity Endurance Cycling, 2014
Liver and muscle glycogen repletion using 13C magnetic resonance spectroscopy following ingestion of maltodextrin, galactose, protein and amino acids, 2013
A comparative analysis between the effects of galactose and glucose supplementation on endurance performance, 2012
Preexercise galactose and glucose ingestion on fuel use during exercise, 2012
Fructose and galactose enhance postexercise human liver glycogen synthesis, 2011
A plasma global metabolic profiling approach applied to an exercise study monitoring the effects of glucose, galactose and fructose drinks during post-exercise recovery, 2010
The effect of galactose supplementation on endurance cycling performance, 2009
Nutrition: Carbohydrates: Glucose
Effect of drink carbohydrate content on postexercise gastric emptying, rehydration, and the calculation of net fluid balance, 2014
Combined Glucose Ingestion and Mouth Rinsing Improves Sprint Cycling Performance, 2014
The Effect of Pre-exercise Galactose and Glucose Ingestion on High-Intensity Endurance Cycling, 2014
Effect of Drink Carbohydrate Content on Post-Exercise Gastric Emptying, Rehydration and the Calculation of Net Fluid Balance, 2013
Glycemic response to carbohydrate and the effects of exercise and protein, 2013
Curvilinear dose-response relationship of carbohydrate (0-120 gh(-1)) and performance, 2013
The effects of combined glucose-electrolyte and sodium bicarbonate ingestion on prolonged intermittent exercise performance, 2012
A comparative analysis between the effects of galactose and glucose supplementation on endurance performance, 2012
A scientific nutrition strategy improves time trial performance by 6% when compared with a self-chosen nutrition strategy in trained cyclists: a randomized cross-over study, 2012
Preexercise galactose and glucose ingestion on fuel use during exercise, 2012
Composite versus single transportable carbohydrate solution enhances race and laboratory cycling performance, 2012
No effect of protein coingestion on exogenous glucose oxidation during exercise, 2012
Effect of a carbohydrate mouth rinse on maximal sprint performance in competitive male cyclists, 2011
Fructose addition to a glucose supplement modifies perceived exertion during strength and endurance exercise, 2010
A plasma global metabolic profiling approach applied to an exercise study monitoring the effects of glucose, galactose and fructose drinks during post-exercise recovery, 2010
The effect of a low carbohydrate beverage with added protein on cycling endurance performance in trained athletes, 2010
Fuel selection and cycling endurance performance with ingestion of [13C]glucose: evidence for a carbohydrate dose response, 2010
Pre-exercise intake of different carbohydrates modifies ischemic reactive hyperemia after a session of anaerobic, but not after aerobic exercise, 2010
Daily training with high carbohydrate availability increases exogenous carbohydrate oxidation during endurance cycling, 2010
SIRT1, AMP-activated protein kinase phosphorylation and downstream kinases in response to a single bout of sprint exercise: influence of glucose ingestion, 2010
Multiple transportable carbohydrates enhance gastric emptying and fluid delivery, 2010
Glucose ingestion during endurance training in men attenuates expression of myokine receptor, 2009
Postexercise rehydration in man: the effects of osmolality and carbohydrate content of ingested drinks, 2009
Impact of carbohydrate supplementation during endurance training on glycogen storage and performance, 2009
Carbohydrate sensing in the human mouth: effects on exercise performance and brain activity, 2009
No effect of carbohydrate feeding on 16 km cycling time trial performance, 2008
Superior endurance performance with ingestion of multiple transportable carbohydrates, 2008
Post-exercise ingestion of a unique, high molecular weight glucose polymer solution improves performance during a subsequent bout of cycling exercise, 2008
Muscle metabolic, SR Ca(2+) -cycling responses to prolonged cycling, with and without glucose supplementation, 2007
Protection of muscle membrane excitability during prolonged cycle exercise with glucose supplementation, 2007
Carbohydrate supplementation during prolonged cycling exercise spares muscle glycogen but does not affect intramyocellular lipid use, 2007
Lactate, fructose and glucose oxidation profiles in sports drinks and the effect on exercise performance, 2007
Metabolic response to carbohydrate ingestion during exercise in males and females, 2006
The effects of carbohydrate supplementation during the second of two prolonged cycling bouts on immunoendocrine responses, 2005
Effect of carbohydrate ingestion on exercise-induced alterations in metabolic gene expression, 2005
Effect of carbohydrate on portal vein blood flow during exercise, 2005
The addition of fenugreek extract (Trigonella foenum-graecum) to glucose feeding increases muscle glycogen resynthesis after exercise, 2005
Effect of maltose-containing sports drinks on exercise performance, 2004
The effect of glucose infusion on glucose kinetics during a 1-h time trial, 2004
CNS fatigue and prolonged exercise: effect of glucose supplementation, 2003
Effect of pre-exercise carbohydrate ingestion on plasma cytokine, stress hormone, and neutrophil degranulation responses to continuous, high-intensity exercise, 2003
Glucose ingestion attenuates interleukin-6 release from contracting skeletal muscle in humans, 2003
Effects of pre-exercise ingestion of carbohydrate on glycaemic and insulinaemic responses during subsequent exercise at differing intensities, 2003
Effects of timing of pre-exercise ingestion of carbohydrate on subsequent metabolism and cycling performance, 2003
Effects of pre-exercise ingestion of differing amounts of carbohydrate on subsequent metabolism and cycling performance, 2003
Carbohydrate supplementation during intense exercise and the immune response of cyclists, 2002
Does perceived exertion depend on glycemic index of foods ingested throughout three hours before a one-hour high-intensity exercise? 2001
Comparison of fructose and glucose ingestion before and during endurance cycling to exhaustion, 2000
Carbohydrate and fluid intake affect the saliva flow rate and IgA response to cycling, 2000
Effects of postexercise carbohydrate-protein feedings on muscle glycogen restoration, 2000
The effect of glycemic index on plasma glucose and lactate levels during incremental exercise, 2000
Effects of ingesting a sports bar versus glucose polymer on substrate utilisation and ultra-endurance performance, 1999
Pre-exercise ingestion of carbohydrate and transient hypoglycemia during exercise, 1999
Carbohydrate intake during prolonged cycling minimizes effect of glycemic index of preexercise meal, 1998
Consistency in preventing voluntary dehydration in boys who drink a flavored carbohydrate-NaCl beverage during exercise in the heat, 1998
Glucose ingestion before and during exercise does not enhance performance of daily repeated endurance exercise, 1993
The effects of glucose, fructose, and sucrose ingestion during exercise, 1989
Effects of ingesting 6% and 12% glucose/electrolyte beverages during prolonged intermittent cycling in the heat, 1988
Effect of medium-chain triacylglycerol and carbohydrate ingestion during exercise on substrate utilization and subsequent cycling performance, 1998
Effects of glucose, glucose plus branched-chain amino acids, or placebo on bike performance over 100 km, 1996
Muscle glycogen recovery after exercise during glucose and fructose intake monitored by 13C-NMR, 1996
Effect of timing of carbohydrate ingestion on endurance exercise performance, 1996
The influence of starch structure on glycogen resynthesis and subsequent cycling performance, 1996
The effects of pre-exercise starch ingestion on endurance performance, 1996
Effect of carbohydrate substrate availability on ratings of perceived exertion during prolonged exercise of moderate intensity, 1996
Effects of carbohydrate feeding before and during prolonged exercise on subsequent maximal exercise performance capacity, 1995
Hormonal and metabolite responses to glucose and maltodextrin ingestion with or without the addition of guar gum, 1994
The influence of dietary carbohydrate and pre-exercise glucose consumption on supramaximal intermittent exercise performance, 1994
Systemic effects of ingesting varying amounts of a commercial carbohydrate beverage postexercise, 1994
Effect of carbohydrate composition on fluid balance, gastric emptying, and exercise performance, 1993
Glucose ingestion before and during exercise does not enhance performance of daily repeated endurance exercise, 1993
Fluid replacement after dehydration: influence of beverage carbonation and carbohydrate content, 1992
Fluid replacement beverages and maintenance of plasma volume during exercise: role of aldosterone and vasopressin, 1992
The effects of ingesting polylactate or glucose polymer drinks during prolonged exercise, 1991
Carbohydrate feeding before exercise: effect of glycemic index, 1991
Failure of prior low-intensity exercise to potentiate the thermic effect of glucose, 1990
Fluid replacement drinks during high intensity exercise: effects on minimizing exercise-induced disturbances in homeostasis, 1990
Exercise and training effects on gastric emptying of carbohydrate beverages, 1989
Effect of carbohydrate intake during warming-up on the regulation of blood glucose during exercise, 1989
Metabolism and performance following carbohydrate ingestion late in exercise, 1989
Effect of carbohydrate ingestion on exercise metabolism, 1988
Effects of ingesting 6% and 12% glucose/electrolyte beverages during prolonged intermittent cycling in the heat, 1988
Effect of glucose polymer diet supplement on responses to prolonged successive swimming, cycling and running, 1988
Effects of caffeine, fructose, and glucose ingestion on muscle glycogen utilization during exercise, 1987
The effect of fluid and carbohydrate feedings during intermittent cycling exercise, 1987
Reversal of fatigue during prolonged exercise by carbohydrate infusion or ingestion, 1987
Effect of different post-exercise sugar diets on the rate of muscle glycogen synthesis, 1987
Influence of selected carbohydrate drinks on cycling performance and glycogen use, 1987
Effect of pre-exercise carbohydrate feedings on endurance cycling performance, 1987
Muscle glycogen utilization during prolonged strenuous exercise when fed carbohydrate, 1986
Effect of fructose ingestion on muscle glycogen usage during exercise, 1985
Effects of a 24-h carbohydrate-poor diet on metabolic and hormonal responses during prolonged glucose-infused leg exercise, 1985
Influence of glucose and fructose ingestion on the capacity for long-term exercise in well-trained men, 1984
Effect of physical training on utilization of a glucose load given orally during exercise, 1984
Carbohydrate feeding during prolonged strenuous exercise can delay fatigue, 1983
Effects of preexercise feedings on endurance performance, 1979
Influence of caffeine and carbohydrate feedings on endurance performance, 1979
Splanchnic glucose and muscle glycogen metabolism after glucose feeding during postexercise recovery, 1978
The effects of normal and glucose syrup work diets on the performance of racing cyclists, 1975
[The influence of bicycle ergometer work and oral glucose administration on the muscle hexokinase activity in man (author's transl)], 1975
Nutrition: Carbohydrates: Maltodextrin
Combined Glucose Ingestion and Mouth Rinsing Improves Sprint Cycling Performance, 2014
Assessing a commercially available sports drink on exogenous carbohydrate oxidation, fluid delivery and sustained exercise performance, 2014
Fructose-maltodextrin ratio governs exogenous and other CHO oxidation and performance, 2013
Effects of pre-exercise sucralose ingestion on carbohydrate oxidation during exercise, 2013
Liver and muscle glycogen repletion using 13C magnetic resonance spectroscopy following ingestion of maltodextrin, galactose, protein and amino acids, 2013
Curvilinear dose-response relationship of carbohydrate (0-120 gh(-1)) and performance, 2013
The ingestion of protein with a maltodextrin and fructose beverage on substrate utilisation and exercise performance, 2013
Effect of a carbohydrate mouth rinse on simulated cycling time-trial performance commenced in a fed or fasted state, 2013
Opposition of carbohydrate in a mouth-rinse solution to the detrimental effect of mouth rinsing during cycling time trials, 2013
Ingesting a high-dose carbohydrate solution during the cycle section of a simulated Olympic-distance triathlon improves subsequent run performance, 2012
Composite versus single transportable carbohydrate solution enhances race and laboratory cycling performance, 2012
A low carbohydrate-protein supplement improves endurance performance in female athletes, 2011
Nutrient provision increases signalling and protein synthesis in human skeletal muscle after repeated sprints, 2011
Fructose-maltodextrin ratio in a carbohydrate-electrolyte solution differentially affects exogenous carbohydrate oxidation rate, gut comfort, and performance, 2011
Effect of a carbohydrate mouth rinse on maximal sprint performance in competitive male cyclists, 2011
The effect of a low carbohydrate beverage with added protein on cycling endurance performance in trained athletes, 2010
Carbohydrate ingestion during exercise does not delay the onset of fatigue during submaximal cycle exercise, 2009
Carbohydrate mouth rinsing in the fed state: lack of enhancement of time-trial performance, 2009
Exogenous carbohydrate spares muscle glycogen in men and women during 10 h of exercise, 2007
Effect of maltose-containing sports drinks on exercise performance, 2004
The effect of carbohydrate mouth rinse on 1-h cycle time trial performance, 2004
Effects of preexercise carbohydrate ingestion on mountain bike performance, 2004
Glycogen replenishment and repeated maximal effort exercise: effect of liquid carbohydrate, 1999
The influence of starch structure on glycogen resynthesis and subsequent cycling performance, 1996
Fluid and carbohydrate ingestion independently improve performance during 1 h of intense exercise, 1995
Hormonal and metabolite responses to glucose and maltodextrin ingestion with or without the addition of guar gum, 1994
Glycemic and insulinemic response to preexercise carbohydrate feedings, 1994
Exercise and training effects on gastric emptying of carbohydrate beverages, 1989
Glycogen synthesis during exercise and rest with carbohydrate feeding in males and females, 1989
Effect of carbohydrate intake during warming-up on the regulation of blood glucose during exercise, 1989
Eating, drinking, and cycling. A controlled Tour de France simulation study, Part II. Effect of diet manipulation, 1989
Carbohydrate feeding and glycogen synthesis during exercise in man, 1987
Influence of selected carbohydrate drinks on cycling performance and glycogen use, 1987
Nutrition: Carbohydrates: Maltose
Oxidation of maltose and trehalose during prolonged moderate-intensity exercise, 2008
Effect of maltose-containing sports drinks on exercise performance, 2004
Nutrition: Carbohydrates: Ribose
The role of ribose on oxidative stress during hypoxic exercise: a pilot study, 2009
Effects of ribose as an ergogenic aid, 2006
Effect of ribose supplementation on resynthesis of adenine nucleotides after intense intermittent training in humans, 2004
Effects of oral D-ribose supplementation on anaerobic capacity and selected metabolic markers in healthy males, 2003
Effects of ribose supplementation on repeated sprint performance in men, 2003
Nutrition: Carbohydrates: Sucralose
Effects of pre-exercise sucralose ingestion on carbohydrate oxidation during exercise, 2013
Nutrition: Carbohydrates: Sucrose
The effect of post-exercise drink macronutrient content on appetite and energy intake, 2014
No effect of carbohydrate feeding on 16 km cycling time trial performance, 2008
Effect of carbohydrate ingestion and ambient temperature on muscle fatigue development in endurance-trained male cyclists, 2008
Effect of maltose-containing sports drinks on exercise performance, 2004
Consistency in preventing voluntary dehydration in boys who drink a flavored carbohydrate-NaCl beverage during exercise in the heat, 1998
Effect of carbohydrate substrate availability on ratings of perceived exertion during prolonged exercise of moderate intensity, 1996
Glycemic and insulinemic response to preexercise carbohydrate feedings, 1994
Effect of carbohydrate composition on fluid balance, gastric emptying, and exercise performance, 1993
Sucrose ingestion following exercise: selected cardiovascular, hormonal, renal, and metabolic effects, 1992
The effects of glucose, fructose, and sucrose ingestion during exercise, 1989
Exercise and training effects on gastric emptying of carbohydrate beverages, 1989
Effect of carbohydrate intake during warming-up on the regulation of blood glucose during exercise, 1989
Carbohydrate feeding and exercise: effect of beverage carbohydrate content, 1989
The effect of fluid and carbohydrate feedings during intermittent cycling exercise, 1987
Effect of different post-exercise sugar diets on the rate of muscle glycogen synthesis, 1987
Effect of carbohydrate feedings on muscle glycogen utilization and exercise performance, 1984