Nutrition: Electrolytes
Please also see Water/Electrolyte Disturbances under Medical Conditions and Injuries
Acute physiological response to indoor cycling with and without hydration; case and self-control study, 2013
Effect of Drink Carbohydrate Content on Post-Exercise Gastric Emptying, Rehydration and the Calculation of Net Fluid Balance, 2013
Sodium supplementation has no effect on endurance performance during a cycling time-trial in cool conditions: a randomised cross-over trial, 2013
Sodium Bicarbonate and High-Intensity Cycling Capacity: Variability in Responses, 2013
Effect of repeated sodium phosphate loading on cycling time-trial performance and VO2peak, 2013
Acute sodium bicarbonate loading has negligible effects on resting and exercise blood pressure but causes gastrointestinal distress, 2013
Repeated supra-maximal sprint cycling with and without sodium bicarbonate supplementation induces endothelial microparticle release, 2013
Effect of lactate supplementation and sodium bicarbonate on 40 km cycling time trial performance, 2013
Multiday acute sodium bicarbonate intake improves endurance capacity and reduces acidosis in men, 2013
The effects of sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) ingestion on high intensity cycling capacity, 2013
Curvilinear dose-response relationship of carbohydrate (0-120 gh(-1)) and performance, 2013
Ingestion of sodium plus water improves cardiovascular function and performance during dehydrating cycling in the heat, 2012
Nutrition for adventure racing, 2012
Ingestion of sodium plus water improves cardiovascular function and performance during dehydrating cycling in the heat, 2012
The effects of serial and acute NaHCO3 loading in well-trained cyclists, 2012
Effects of caffeine, sodium bicarbonate, and their combined ingestion on high-intensity cycling performance, 2012
Effect of combined β-alanine and sodium bicarbonate supplementation on cycling performance, 2012
The effects of combined glucose-electrolyte and sodium bicarbonate ingestion on prolonged intermittent exercise performance, 2012
A scientific nutrition strategy improves time trial performance by 6% when compared with a self-chosen nutrition strategy in trained cyclists: a randomized cross-over study, 2012
Effect of betaine supplementation on cycling sprint performance, 2012
Composite versus single transportable carbohydrate solution enhances race and laboratory cycling performance, 2012
An investigative study into the influence of a commercially available carbohydrate-protein-electrolyte beverage on short term repeated exercise performance, 2012
Effect of magnesium lactate dihydrate and calcium lactate monohydrate on 20-km cycling time trial performance, 2012
Plasma potassium concentration and content changes after banana ingestion in exercised men, 2012
Bananas as an energy source during exercise: a metabolomics approach, 2012
Sodium nitrate supplementation does not enhance performance of endurance athletes, 2012
Fructose-maltodextrin ratio in a carbohydrate-electrolyte solution differentially affects exogenous carbohydrate oxidation rate, gut comfort, and performance, 2011
Bicarbonate ingestion has no ergogenic effect on consecutive all out sprint tests in BMX elite cyclists, 2011
Effect of β-alanine plus sodium bicarbonate on high-intensity cycling capacity, 2011
Acute calcium ingestion attenuates exercise-induced disruption of calcium homeostasis, 2011
Effect of various carbohydrate-electrolyte fluids on cycling performance and maximal voluntary contraction, 2010
Protein and carbohydrate supplementation after exercise increases plasma volume and albumin content in older and young men, 2009
Postexercise rehydration in man: the effects of osmolality and carbohydrate content of ingested drinks, 2009
Sodium replacement and plasma sodium drop during exercise in the heat when fluid intake matches fluid loss, 2009
Effects of Sodium Phosphate Loading on Aerobic Power and Capacity in off Road Cyclists, 2009
Rehydration with drinks differing in sodium concentration and recovery from moderate exercise-induced hypohydration in man, 2008
Effects of sodium bicarbonate ingestion on performance and perceptual responses in a laboratory-simulated BMX cycling qualification series, 2008
Anaerobic performance when rehydrating with water or commercially available sports drinks during prolonged exercise in the heat, 2008
No effect of carbohydrate feeding on 16 km cycling time trial performance, 2008
Post exercise carbohydrate-protein supplementation: phosphorylation of muscle proteins involved in glycogen synthesis and protein translation, 2008
Sodium phosphate loading improves laboratory cycling time-trial performance in trained cyclists, 2008
Effect of oral administration of sodium bicarbonate on surface EMG activity during repeated cycling sprints, 2007
The time course for changes in plasma [h+] after sodium bicarbonate ingestion, 2007
Preexercise sodium loading aids fluid balance and endurance for women exercising in the heat, 2007
Exercise and calcium supplementation: effects on calcium homeostasis in sportswomen, 2007
Sodium supplementation is not required to maintain serum sodium concentrations during an Ironman triathlon, 2006
Sodium-facilitated hypervolemia, endurance performance, and thermoregulation, 2005
Effect of carbohydrate and prolonged exercise on affect and perceived exertion, 2005
Nutritional considerations in triathlon, 2005
Carbohydrate-electrolyte feedings and 1 h time trial cycling performance, 2004
Reduced neuromuscular activity with carbohydrate ingestion during constant load cycling, 2004
Effects of sodium bicarbonate on VO2 kinetics during heavy exercise, 2004
Effects of a commercial herbal-based formula on exercise performance in cyclists, 2004
Effects of Zinc Magnesium Aspartate (ZMA) Supplementation on Training Adaptations and Markers of Anabolism and Catabolism, 2004
RPE during prolonged cycling with and without carbohydrate ingestion in boys and men, 2003
Effects of sodium bicarbonate ingestion on prolonged intermittent exercise, 2003
Sodium bicarbonate ingestion does not alter the slow component of oxygen uptake kinetics in professional cyclists, 2003
Effects of recovery beverages on glycogen restoration and endurance exercise performance, 2003
Effect of sodium citrate ingestion on oxygen debt & exercise endurance during supramaximal exercise, 2003
Oral salt supplementation during ultradistance exercise, 2002
Effect of sodium bicarbonate on muscle metabolism during intense endurance cycling, 2002
Sodium replacement and fluid shifts during prolonged exercise in humans, 2001
Acute versus chronic sodium bicarbonate ingestion and anaerobic work and power output, 2001
The effect of fluid replacement on endurance performance, 2001
Factors affecting performance in an ultraendurance triathlon, 2001
Fluid balance during and after an ironman triathlon, 2001
Dose-related elevations in venous pH with citrate ingestion do not alter 40-km cycling time-trial performance, 2000
Water and electrolyte shifts with partial fluid replacement during exercise, 1999
Drink composition, voluntary drinking, and fluid balance in exercising, trained, heat-acclimatized boys, 1999
Sodium bicarbonate can be used as an ergogenic aid in high-intensity, competitive cycle ergometry of 1 h duration, 1999
Effects of sodium bicarbonate administration on the exercise tolerance of normal subjects breathing through dead space, 1999
Sodium bicarbonate ingestion does not attenuate the VO2 slow component during constant-load exercise, 1998
The effect of different rehydration drinks on post-exercise electrolyte excretion in trained athletes, 1998
An investigation into the effects of sodium citrate ingestion on high-intensity exercise performance, 1998
Carbohydrate ingestion immediately before exercise does not improve 20 km time trial performance in well trained cyclists, 1998
Relationships between fluid and electrolyte hormones and plasma volume during exercise with training and detraining, 1998
Urinary indices during dehydration, exercise, and rehydration, 1998
[Disorders of water- and electrolyte balance in a triathlon. 2 case reports and review of the literature], 1997
Effect of ingested sodium bicarbonate on muscle force, fatigue, and recovery, 1997
Carbohydrate-electrolyte feedings improve 1 h time trial cycling performance, 1997
Effect of sodium citrate on performance and metabolism of human skeletal muscle during supramaximal cycling exercise, 1997
Effect of timing of carbohydrate ingestion on endurance exercise performance, 1996
Water and electrolyte replenishment in the exercising child, 1996
Sodium citrate ingestion enhances 30 km cycling performance, 1996
The effects of acute phosphate supplementation in subjects of different aerobic fitness levels, 1996
Dietary sodium intake and changes in plasma volume during short-term exercise training, 1995
Fluid and electrolyte status in athletes receiving medical care at an ultradistance triathlon, 1995
Sodium bicarbonate ingestion does not improve performance in women cyclists, 1994
The physiological and ventilatory responses to repeated 60 s sprints following sodium citrate ingestion, 1994
Metabolic responses when different forms of carbohydrate energy are consumed during cycling, 1993
Feeding the ultraendurance athlete: practical tips and a case study, 1992
Effects of phosphate loading on metabolic and myocardial responses to maximal and endurance exercise, 1992
Fluid replacement beverages and maintenance of plasma volume during exercise: role of aldosterone and vasopressin, 1992
The effects of ingesting polylactate or glucose polymer drinks during prolonged exercise, 1991
Phosphate loading and the effects on VO2max in trained cyclists, 1990
Carbohydrate-electrolyte replacement during a simulated triathlon in the heat, 1990
Fluid replacement drinks during high intensity exercise: effects on minimizing exercise-induced disturbances in homeostasis, 1990
Applied physiology of a triathlon, 1989
Influence of sodium bicarbonate on sprint performance: relationship to dosage, 1988
Carbohydrate-electrolyte drinks: effects on endurance cycling in the heat, 1988
Effects of ingesting 6% and 12% glucose/electrolyte beverages during prolonged intermittent cycling in the heat, 1988
Medical and physiological considerations in triathlons, 1987
Hydration during exercise. Effects on thermal and cardiovascular adjustments, 1986
The effect of sodium bicarbonate and sodium citrate ingestion on anaerobic power during intermittent exercise, 1986
Acid-base balance during repeated bouts of exercise: influence of HCO3, 1984
The hydration and electrolyte maintenance properties of an experimental sports drink, 1983