Hydration: General Hydration
The addition of whey protein to a carbohydrate-electrolyte drink does not influence post-exercise rehydration, 2014
Sequential Exercise in Triathletes: Variations in GH and Water Loss, 2014
Effect of drink carbohydrate content on postexercise gastric emptying, rehydration, and the calculation of net fluid balance, 2014
Voluntary water intake during and following moderate exercise in the cold, 2014
Energy Balance, Macronutrient Intake and Hydration Status During a 1,230-km Ultra-Endurance Bike Marathon, 2014
Exercise-induced Dehydration Does not Alter Time Trial or Neuromuscular Performance, 2014
Fluid balance of cyclists during a 387-km race, 2014
Acute physiological response to indoor cycling with and without hydration; case and self-control study, 2013
Mild to moderate hypohydration reduces boys' high-intensity cycling performance in the heat, 2013
Fatigue Index and Fatigue Rate during an Anaerobic Performance under Hypohydrations, 2013
Current hydration guidelines are erroneous: dehydration does not impair exercise performance in the heat, 2013
Fluid Balance, Carbohydrate Ingestion and Body Temperature During Men's Stage-Race Cycling in Temperate Environmental Conditions, 2013
Effect of hypohydration on peripheral and corticospinal excitability and voluntary activation, 2013
The effect of water temperature and voluntary drinking on the post rehydration sweating, 2013
Voluntary Water Intake During and Following Moderate Exercise in the Cold, 2013
Effect of Drink Carbohydrate Content on Post-Exercise Gastric Emptying, Rehydration and the Calculation of Net Fluid Balance, 2013
Mild Dehydration and Cycling Performance During 5-Kilometer Hill Climbing, 2013
The effects of sports drink osmolality on fluid intake and immunoendocrine responses to cycling in hot conditions, 2013
Mild hypohydration decreases cycling performance in the heat, 2013
Increase in skeletal-muscle glycogenolysis and perceived exertion with progressive dehydration during cycling in hydrated men, 2013
Comparison between blood and urinary fluid balance indices during dehydrating exercise and the subsequent hypohydration when fluid is not restored, 2013
Ingestion of sodium plus water improves cardiovascular function and performance during dehydrating cycling in the heat, 2012
Enhanced renal Na+ reabsorption by carbohydrate in beverages during restitution from thermal and exercise-induced dehydration in men, 2012
Ad libitum fluid intake leads to no leg swelling in male Ironman triathletes - an observational field study, 2012
Hydration-dehydration, heat, humidity, and "cool, clear, water", 2012
Water ingestion improves performance compared with mouth rinse in dehydrated subjects, 2012
Effects of dehydration during cycling on skeletal muscle metabolism in females, 2012
Performance benefits of rehydration with intravenous fluid and oral glycerol, 2012
Nutritional behavior of cyclists during a 24-hour team relay race: a field study report, 2012
Energy intakes of ultraendurance cyclists during competition, an observational study, 2012
Nutritional, physiological, and perceptual responses during a summer ultraendurance cycling event, 2012
Exercise-induced dehydration with and without environmental heat stress results in increased oxidative stress, 2011
Nutrition for endurance sports: marathon, triathlon, and road cycling, 2011
Dehydration reduces left ventricular filling at rest and during exercise independent of twist mechanics, 2011
Effect of exercise-induced dehydration on time-trial exercise performance: a meta-analysis, 2011
Effects of heat exposure and 3% dehydration achieved via hot water immersion on repeated cycle sprint performance, 2011
Exercise-associated hyponatremia: the influence of pre-exercise carbohydrate status combined with high volume fluid intake on sodium concentrations and fluid balance, 2011
Mild hypohydration induced by exercise in the heat attenuates autonomic thermoregulatory responses to the heat, but not thermal pleasantness in humans, 2010
Neuromuscular responses to hydration in moderate to warm ambient conditions during self-paced high-intensity exercise, 2010
Effects of aerobic fitness on hypohydration-induced physiological strain and exercise impairment, 2010
Bike Transalp 2008: liquid intake and its effect on the body's fluid homeostasis in the course of a multistage, cross-country, MTB marathon race in the central Alps, 2010
Ad libitum adjustments to fluid intake during cool environmental conditions maintain hydration status during a 3-day mountain bike race, 2010
No dehydration in mountain bike ultra-marathoners, 2009
Influence of hypohydration on intermittent sprint performance in the heat, 2009
Fluid replacement and heat stress during exercise alter post-exercise cardiac haemodynamics in endurance exercise-trained men, 2009
Postexercise rehydration in man: the effects of osmolality and carbohydrate content of ingested drinks, 2009
Body composition, energy, and fluid turnover in a five-day multistage ultratriathlon: a case study, 2009
Caffeine during exercise in the heat: thermoregulation and fluid-electrolyte balance, 2009
Hypervolemia and blood alkalinity: effect on physiological strain in a warm environment, 2008
Pre-exercise hyperhydration delays dehydration and improves endurance capacity during 2 h of cycling in a temperate climate, 2008
Rehydration with drinks differing in sodium concentration and recovery from moderate exercise-induced hypohydration in man, 2008
Voluntary drinking and hydration in trained, heat-acclimatized girls exercising in a hot and humid climate, 2008
Water intake accelerates post-exercise cardiac vagal reactivation in humans, 2008
Fluid ingestion strategies of competitive cyclists during 40 km time trial competition, 2007
The effect of superoxygenated water on blood gases, lactate, and aerobic cycling performance, 2007
Separate and combined effects of airflow and rehydration during exercise in the heat, 2007
Hydration during exercise in warm, humid conditions: effect of a caffeinated sports drink, 2007
Fluid and food intake during professional men's and women's road-cycling tours, 2007
Influence of hydration status on thermoregulation and cycling hill climbing, 2007
The timing of fluid intake during an Olympic distance triathlon, 2006
The combined effects of hydration and exercise heat stress on choice reaction time, 2006
Effect of glycerol-induced hyperhydration on thermoregulatory and cardiovascular functions and endurance performance during prolonged cycling in a 25 degrees C environment, 2006
Core temperature and hydration status during an Ironman triathlon, 2006
Rehydration with glycerol: endocrine, cardiovascular, and thermoregulatory responses during exercise in the heat, 2006
Effects of purified oxygenated water on exercise performance during acute hypoxic exposure, 2005
Effect of fluid ingestion on neuromuscular function during prolonged cycling exercise, 2005
Influence of exercise duration and hydration status on cognitive function during prolonged cycling exercise, 2005
Exercise in a hot environment: comparison of two different fluid intake patterns, 2005
Sex differences in voluntary fluid intake by older adults during exercise, 2005
Plasma volume expansion 24-hours post-exercise: effect of doubling the volume of replacement fluid, 2005
Effect of exercise-induced dehydration on lactate parameters during incremental exercise, 2005
No effect of fluid intake on neutrophil responses to prolonged cycling, 2004
The dipsomania of great distance: water intoxication in an Ironman triathlete, 2004
Acute effects of dehydration on sweat composition in men during prolonged exercise in the heat, 2004
One hour cycling performance is not affected by ingested fluid volume, 2003
Glycerol hyperhydration fails to improve endurance performance and thermoregulation in humans in a warm humid environment, 2003
Effect of water ingestion on cardiovascular and thermal responses to prolonged cycling and running in humans: a comparison, 2002
The critical level of water deficit causing a decrease in human exercise performance: a practical field study, 2002
The effect of glycerol hyperhydration on olympic distance triathlon performance in high ambient temperatures, 2002
The effects of rehydration on cycling performance after exercise-induced dehydration, 2002
Effect of high and low rates of fluid intake on post-exercise rehydration, 2002
Improving cycling performance: how should we spend our time and money, 2001
The effect of fluid replacement on endurance performance, 2001
Effect of hydration on exercise-induced growth hormone response, 2001
Comparison of water turnover rates in men undertaking prolonged cycling exercise and sedentary men, 2001
Fluid balance during and after an ironman triathlon, 2001
Water and carbohydrate ingestion during prolonged exercise increase maximal neuromuscular power, 2000
Stroke volume during exercise: interaction of environment and hydration, 2000
Effect of dehydration on gastrointestinal function at rest and during exercise in humans, 2000
Intravenous versus oral rehydration during a brief period: responses to subsequent exercise in the heat, 2000
Intravenous versus oral rehydration during a brief period: stress hormone responses to subsequent exhaustive exercise in the heat, 2000
Metabolic and thermodynamic responses to dehydration-induced reductions in muscle blood flow in exercising humans, 1999
Physiological determinants of endurance exercise performance, 1999
Glycerol hyperhydration improves cycle time trial performance in hot humid conditions, 1999
Intracellular hyperhydration induced by a 7-day endurance race, 1999
Urine color, osmolality and specific electrical conductance are not accurate measures of hydration status during postexercise rehydration, 1999
Fluid ingestion does not influence intense 1-h exercise performance in a mild environment, 1999
Drink composition, voluntary drinking, and fluid balance in exercising, trained, heat-acclimatized boys, 1999
Urinary indices during dehydration, exercise, and rehydration, 1998
Muscle blood flow is reduced with dehydration during prolonged exercise in humans, 1998
Evaluation of different levels of hydration using a new physiological strain index, 1998
Effect of hypohydration on gastric emptying and intestinal absorption during exercise, 1998
The effects of substrate and fluid provision on thermoregulatory, cardiorespiratory and metabolic responses to prolonged exercise in a cold environment in man, 1998
Examination of the self-selected fluid intake practices by junior athletes during a simulated duathlon event, 1998
Macronutrients intake of top level cyclists during continuous competition--change in the feeding pattern, 1998
The effect of different rehydration drinks on post-exercise electrolyte excretion in trained athletes, 1998
Consistency in preventing voluntary dehydration in boys who drink a flavored carbohydrate-NaCl beverage during exercise in the heat, 1998
[Disorders of water- and electrolyte balance in a triathlon. 2 case reports and review of the literature], 1997
A comparison of three fluid replacement strategies for maintaining euhydration during prolonged exercise, 1997
Water budget during ultra-endurance exercise, 1997
Influence of ingested fluid volume on physiological responses during prolonged exercise, 1997
Dehydration markedly impairs cardiovascular function in hyperthermic endurance athletes during exercise, 1997
Effect of drink flavor and NaCL on voluntary drinking and hydration in boys exercising in the heat, 1996
Water and electrolyte replenishment in the exercising child, 1996
Pre-exercise glycerol hydration improves cycling endurance time, 1996
Water and electrolyte replenishment in the exercising child, 1996
[Factors limiting performance in the triathlon], 1996
Dietary intake of two elite male cyclists during 10-day, 2,050-mile ride, 1995
Fluid and electrolyte status in athletes receiving medical care at an ultradistance triathlon, 1995
Hypohydration during exercise in children: effect on thirst, drink preferences, and rehydration, 1994
Hypohydration causes cardiovascular drift without reducing blood volume, 1994
Impaired high-intensity cycling performance time at low levels of dehydration, 1994
Nutrition for cyclists, 1994
Sun, heat, and cold injuries in cyclists, 1994
Effects of varying levels of hypohydration on ratings of perceived exertion, 1993
Influence of the timing of fluid ingestion on temperature regulation during exercise, 1993
Influence of graded dehydration on hyperthermia and cardiovascular drift during exercise, 1992
Effect of varying levels of hypohydration on responses during submaximal cycling, 1992
Fluid replacement after dehydration: influence of beverage carbonation and carbohydrate content, 1992
Feeding the ultraendurance athlete: practical tips and a case study, 1992
Benefits of fluid replacement with carbohydrate during exercise, 1992
Fluid ingestion during exercise increases skin blood flow independent of increases in blood volume, 1992
The endurance triathlon: metabolic changes after each event and during recovery, 1991
Eating and training habits of triathletes: a balancing act, 1990
The effect of hydration status on plasma vasopressin release during physical exercise in man, 1990
Applied physiology of a triathlon, 1989
Dehydration and hyponatremia during triathlons, 1989
Medical care at ultraendurance triathlons, 1989
Study on food intake and energy expenditure during extreme sustained exercise: the Tour de France, 1989
Eating, drinking, and cycling. A controlled Tour de France simulation study, Part I, 1989
Local sweating responses of different body areas in dehydration-hydration experiments, 1988
Fluid shifts with successive running and bicycling performance, 1987
Medical and physiological considerations in triathlons, 1987
Water loss distribution in exercising men under hot conditions, 1987
Triathlons and medicine: the race to catch up, 1986
Physiologic and biochemical changes during a triathlon competition, 1986
Hydration during exercise. Effects on thermal and cardiovascular adjustments, 1986
Vascular volume changes during cycling and stepping in women at two hydration levels, 1982
Feeding patterns of endurance athletes, 1981
Influence of exercise type, hydration, and heat on plasma volume shifts in men, 1980