Hydration: Sports Drinks
Comparison of Between-Training Recovery Strategies for World-Class BMX Pilots, 2014
Effect of drink carbohydrate content on postexercise gastric emptying, rehydration, and the calculation of net fluid balance, 2014
A novel hypotonic sports drink containing a high molecular weight polysaccharide, 2014
Assessing a commercially available sports drink on exogenous carbohydrate oxidation, fluid delivery and sustained exercise performance, 2014
The effects of ingestion of sugarcane juice and commercial sports drinks on cycling performance of athletes in comparison to plain water, 2013
Pre-exercise energy drink consumption does not improve endurance cycling performance, but increases lactate, monocyte and IL-6 response, 2013
Acute physiological response to indoor cycling with and without hydration; case and self-control study, 2013
The effects of sports drink osmolality on fluid intake and immunoendocrine responses to cycling in hot conditions, 2013
Effect of Drink Carbohydrate Content on Post-Exercise Gastric Emptying, Rehydration and the Calculation of Net Fluid Balance, 2013
Fructose-maltodextrin ratio governs exogenous and other CHO oxidation and performance, 2013
Effect of varying the concentrations of carbohydrate and milk protein in rehydration solutions ingested after exercise in the heat, 2013
Post-prandial carbohydrate ingestion during 1-h of moderate-intensity, intermittent cycling does not improve mood, perceived exertion, or subsequent power output in recreationally-active exercisers, 2013
Curvilinear dose-response relationship of carbohydrate (0-120 gh(-1)) and performance, 2013
Comparison between blood and urinary fluid balance indices during dehydrating exercise and the subsequent hypohydration when fluid is not restored, 2013
Nutrition for adventure racing, 2012
Enhanced renal Na+ reabsorption by carbohydrate in beverages during restitution from thermal and exercise-induced dehydration in men, 2012
Ingesting a high-dose carbohydrate solution during the cycle section of a simulated Olympic-distance triathlon improves subsequent run performance, 2012
A scientific nutrition strategy improves time trial performance by 6% when compared with a self-chosen nutrition strategy in trained cyclists: a randomized cross-over study, 2012
Recovery from cycling exercise: effects of carbohydrate and protein beverages, 2012
The effects of combined glucose-electrolyte and sodium bicarbonate ingestion on prolonged intermittent exercise performance, 2012
Bananas as an energy source during exercise: a metabolomics approach, 2012
Effect of betaine supplementation on cycling sprint performance, 2012
Composite versus single transportable carbohydrate solution enhances race and laboratory cycling performance, 2012
Performance benefits of rehydration with intravenous fluid and oral glycerol, 2012
Independent and combined effects of carbohydrate and caffeine ingestion on aerobic cycling performance in the fed state, 2012
An investigative study into the influence of a commercially available carbohydrate-protein-electrolyte beverage on short term repeated exercise performance, 2012
A comparative analysis between the effects of galactose and glucose supplementation on endurance performance, 2012
Energy intakes of ultraendurance cyclists during competition, an observational study, 2012
Effects of 4:1 carbohydrate/protein solution versus a carbohydrate-alone solution on IL-6, TNF-α, and cortisol during prolonged cycling in hot environmental conditions, 2012
Unilateral fluid absorption and effects on peak power after ingestion of commercially available hypotonic, isotonic, and hypertonic sports drinks, 2011
Fructose-maltodextrin ratio in a carbohydrate-electrolyte solution differentially affects exogenous carbohydrate oxidation rate, gut comfort, and performance, 2011
Exercise-associated hyponatremia: the influence of pre-exercise carbohydrate status combined with high volume fluid intake on sodium concentrations and fluid balance, 2011
Carbohydrate oxidation from a drink during running compared with cycling exercise, 2011
Effects of ingesting protein in combination with carbohydrate during exercise on endurance performance: a systematic review with meta-analysis, 2010
The effect of a low carbohydrate beverage with added protein on cycling endurance performance in trained athletes, 2010
Effect of various carbohydrate-electrolyte fluids on cycling performance and maximal voluntary contraction, 2010
An isocaloric glucose-fructose beverage's effect on simulated 100-km cycling performance compared with a glucose-only beverage, 2010
CHO oxidation from a CHO gel compared with a drink during exercise, 2010
Oxidation of solid versus liquid CHO sources during exercise, 2010
No effect of carbohydrate-protein on cycling performance and indices of recovery, 2010
Added protein maintains efficacy of a low-carbohydrate sports drink, 2010
Exogenous CHO oxidation with glucose plus fructose intake during exercise, 2009
Acute effects of chocolate milk and a commercial recovery beverage on postexercise recovery indices and endurance cycling performance, 2009
Postexercise rehydration in man: the effects of osmolality and carbohydrate content of ingested drinks, 2009
Carbohydrate and protein hydrolysate coingestions improvement of late-exercise time-trial performance, 2009
Protein and antioxidants in an isocaloric carbohydrate drink: effect on plasma oxidative-stress markers and IL-6, 2009
Protein and carbohydrate supplementation after exercise increases plasma volume and albumin content in older and young men, 2009
No placebo effect from carbohydrate intake during prolonged exercise, 2009
Cereal and nonfat milk support muscle recovery following exercise, 2009
Caffeine during exercise in the heat: thermoregulation and fluid-electrolyte balance, 2009
Improved endurance capacity following chocolate milk consumption compared with 2 commercially available sport drinks, 2009
The effect of galactose supplementation on endurance cycling performance, 2009
Anaerobic performance when rehydrating with water or commercially available sports drinks during prolonged exercise in the heat, 2008
Superior endurance performance with ingestion of multiple transportable carbohydrates, 2008
Effects of an amino acid carbohydrate drink on exercise performance after consecutive-day exercise bouts, 2008
No effect of carbohydrate feeding on 16 km cycling time trial performance, 2008
Influence of carbohydrate-protein beverage on cycling endurance and indices of muscle disruption, 2008
Pre-exercise carbohydrate status influences carbohydrate-mediated attenuation of post-exercise cytokine responses, 2008
Voluntary drinking and hydration in trained, heat-acclimatized girls exercising in a hot and humid climate, 2008
Carbohydrate and carbohydrate + protein for cycling time-trial performance, 2008
Post exercise carbohydrate-protein supplementation: phosphorylation of muscle proteins involved in glycogen synthesis and protein translation, 2008
Exogenous carbohydrate spares muscle glycogen in men and women during 10 h of exercise, 2007
Drink-flavor change's lack of effect on endurance cycling performance in trained athletes, 2007
Separate and combined effects of airflow and rehydration during exercise in the heat, 2007
Energy substrate utilization during prolonged exercise with and without carbohydrate intake in preadolescent and adolescent girls, 2007
Hydration during exercise in warm, humid conditions: effect of a caffeinated sports drink, 2007
Carbohydrate attenuates perceived exertion during intermittent exercise and recovery, 2007
Caffeinated sports drink: ergogenic effects and possible mechanisms, 2007
Influence of hydration status on thermoregulation and cycling hill climbing, 2007
Lactate, fructose and glucose oxidation profiles in sports drinks and the effect on exercise performance, 2007
Preexercise sodium loading aids fluid balance and endurance for women exercising in the heat, 2007
Immunoendocrine response to cycling following ingestion of caffeine and carbohydrate, 2007
Influence of carbohydrate on immune function following 2 h cycling, 2006
Effect of an isocaloric carbohydrate-protein-antioxidant drink on cycling performance, 2006
Failure of protein to improve time trial performance when added to a sports drink, 2006
Metabolic response to carbohydrate ingestion during exercise in males and females, 2006
Effect of glycerol-induced hyperhydration on thermoregulatory and cardiovascular functions and endurance performance during prolonged cycling in a 25 degrees C environment, 2006
Rehydration with glycerol: endocrine, cardiovascular, and thermoregulatory responses during exercise in the heat, 2006
Effect of carbohydrate and prolonged exercise on affect and perceived exertion, 2005
The effect of sweetness on the efficacy of carbohydrate supplementation during exercise in the heat, 2005
The effects of carbohydrate supplementation during the second of two prolonged cycling bouts on immunoendocrine responses, 2005
Carbohydrate supplementation improves time-trial cycle performance during energy deficit at 4,300-m altitude, 2005
Caffeine increases exogenous carbohydrate oxidation during exercise, 2005
Effect of carbohydrate on portal vein blood flow during exercise, 2005
Gastric emptying and intestinal absorption of a low-carbohydrate sport drink during exercise, 2005
Nutritional considerations in triathlon, 2005
Carbohydrate-electrolyte feedings and 1 h time trial cycling performance, 2004
Effects of a carbohydrate-protein beverage on cycling endurance and muscle damage, 2004
Influence of a Pre-Exercise Glycerol Hydration Beverage on Performance and Physiologic Function During Mountain-Bike Races in the Heat, 2004
Combined ingestion of protein and carbohydrate improves protein balance during ultra-endurance exercise, 2004
Reduced neuromuscular activity with carbohydrate ingestion during constant load cycling, 2004
Effect of maltose-containing sports drinks on exercise performance, 2004
Effect of a carbohydrate-protein supplement on endurance performance during exercise of varying intensity, 2003
Effects of recovery beverages on glycogen restoration and endurance exercise performance, 2003
Effect of pre-exercise carbohydrate ingestion on plasma cytokine, stress hormone, and neutrophil degranulation responses to continuous, high-intensity exercise, 2003
One hour cycling performance is not affected by ingested fluid volume, 2003
RPE during prolonged cycling with and without carbohydrate ingestion in boys and men, 2003
Carbohydrate supplementation and exercise-induced changes in T-lymphocyte function, 2003
Glycerol hyperhydration fails to improve endurance performance and thermoregulation in humans in a warm humid environment, 2003
The effect of liquid carbohydrate ingestion on repeated maximal effort exercise in competitive cyclists, 2003
Effects of timing of pre-exercise ingestion of carbohydrate on subsequent metabolism and cycling performance, 2003
Effects of L-tyrosine and carbohydrate ingestion on endurance exercise performance, 2002
Duodenal motility during a run-bike-run protocol: the effect of a sports drink, 2002
The effect of glycerol hyperhydration on olympic distance triathlon performance in high ambient temperatures, 2002
The effect of ad libitum ingestion of a caffeinated carbohydrate-electrolyte solution on urinary caffeine concentration after 4 hours of endurance exercise, 2002
Effect of high and low rates of fluid intake on post-exercise rehydration, 2002
The effect of fluid replacement on endurance performance, 2001
Effect of carbohydrate ingestion on metabolism during running and cycling, 2001
Improving cycling performance: how should we spend our time and money, 2001
Sodium replacement and fluid shifts during prolonged exercise in humans, 2001
Carbohydrate beverage ingestion and neutrophil degranulation responses following cycling to fatigue at 75% VO2 max, 2001
Carbohydrate and fluid intake affect the saliva flow rate and IgA response to cycling, 2000
Placebo effect of carbohydrate feedings during a 40-km cycling time trial, 2000
Ingestion of protein hydrolysate and amino acid-carbohydrate mixtures increases postexercise plasma insulin responses in men, 2000
Placebo effect of carbohydrate feedings during a 40-km cycling time trial, 2000
Water and carbohydrate ingestion during prolonged exercise increase maximal neuromuscular power, 2000
The effect of a sports drink on gastroesophageal reflux during a run-bike-run test, 2000
Carbohydrate loading failed to improve 100-km cycling performance in a placebo-controlled trial, 2000
Gastrointestinal mucosal integrity after prolonged exercise with fluid supplementation, 2000
Gastrointestinal function during exercise: comparison of water, sports drink, and sports drink with caffeine, 2000
Glycerol hyperhydration improves cycle time trial performance in hot humid conditions, 1999
Muscle metabolism during prolonged exercise in humans: influence of carbohydrate availability, 1999
Water and electrolyte shifts with partial fluid replacement during exercise, 1999
A comparison of the gastric emptying characteristics of selected sports drinks, 1999
Influence of exercise mode and carbohydrate on the immune response to prolonged exercise, 1999
Pre-exercise ingestion of carbohydrate and transient hypoglycemia during exercise, 1999
Effects of medium-chain triaclyglycerol ingested with carbohydrate on metabolism and exercise performance, 1999
Drink composition, voluntary drinking, and fluid balance in exercising, trained, heat-acclimatized boys, 1999
Urine color, osmolality and specific electrical conductance are not accurate measures of hydration status during postexercise rehydration, 1999
Carbohydrate ingestion immediately before exercise does not improve 20 km time trial performance in well trained cyclists, 1998
Effect of lactate consumption on exercise performance, 1998
Effect of carbohydrate supplementation on plasma glutamine during prolonged exercise and recovery, 2008
The effects of substrate and fluid provision on thermoregulatory, cardiorespiratory and metabolic responses to prolonged exercise in a cold environment in man, 1998
Effects of mode and carbohydrate on the granulocyte and monocyte response to intensive, prolonged exercise, 1998
The effect of different rehydration drinks on post-exercise electrolyte excretion in trained athletes, 1998
Effect of medium-chain triacylglycerol and carbohydrate ingestion during exercise on substrate utilization and subsequent cycling performance, 1998
Consistency in preventing voluntary dehydration in boys who drink a flavored carbohydrate-NaCl beverage during exercise in the heat, 1998
Human muscle glycogen metabolism during exercise. Effect of carbohydrate supplementation, 1998
Glycemic and insulinemic responses to multiple preexercise carbohydrate feedings, 1997
Carbohydrate drinks delay fatigue during intermittent, high-intensity cycling in active men and women, 1997
Carbohydrate-electrolyte feedings improve 1 h time trial cycling performance, 1997
Caffeine vs caffeine-free sports drinks: effects on urine production at rest and during prolonged exercise, 1997
Effect of timing of carbohydrate ingestion on endurance exercise performance, 1996
Effect of drink flavor and NaCL on voluntary drinking and hydration in boys exercising in the heat, 1996
Fuel substrate turnover and oxidation and glycogen sparing with carbohydrate ingestion in non-carbohydrate-loaded cyclists, 1996
Water and electrolyte replenishment in the exercising child, 1996
Pre-exercise glycerol hydration improves cycling endurance time, 1996
Effect of carbohydrate ingestion subsequent to carbohydrate supercompensation on endurance performance, 1995
Periodic carbohydrate replacement during 50 min of high-intensity cycling improves subsequent sprint performance, 1995
Effects of carbohydrate feeding before and during prolonged exercise on subsequent maximal exercise performance capacity, 1995
Hemorheological response to prolonged exercise--no effects of different kinds of feedings, 1995
Exercise performance as a function of semi-solid and liquid carbohydrate feedings during prolonged exercise, 1995
Fluid and carbohydrate ingestion independently improve performance during 1 h of intense exercise, 1995
Systemic effects of ingesting varying amounts of a commercial carbohydrate beverage postexercise, 1994
Carbohydrate drinks and cycling performance, 1994
Glycemic and insulinemic response to preexercise carbohydrate feedings, 1994
Influence of carbohydrate ingestion on fuel substrate turnover and oxidation during prolonged exercise, 1994
Nutrition for cyclists, 1994
Effect of carbohydrate composition on fluid balance, gastric emptying, and exercise performance, 1993
Metabolic responses when different forms of carbohydrate energy are consumed during cycling, 1993
Carbohydrate feedings and exercise performance: effect of initial muscle glycogen concentration, 1993
Gastrointestinal problems as a function of carbohydrate supplements and mode of exercise, 1993
Influence of the timing of fluid ingestion on temperature regulation during exercise, 1993
Carbohydrate consumption prior to repeated bouts of high-intensity exercise, 1993
Glucose ingestion before and during exercise does not enhance performance of daily repeated endurance exercise, 1993
Sucrose ingestion following exercise: selected cardiovascular, hormonal, renal, and metabolic effects, 1992
Benefits of fluid replacement with carbohydrate during exercise, 1992
Feeding the ultraendurance athlete: practical tips and a case study, 1992
Fluid replacement after dehydration: influence of beverage carbonation and carbohydrate content, 1992
Fluid ingestion during exercise increases skin blood flow independent of increases in blood volume, 1992
Fluid replacement beverages and maintenance of plasma volume during exercise: role of aldosterone and vasopressin, 1992
Effects of carbohydrate feedings on plasma free tryptophan and branched-chain amino acids during prolonged cycling, 1992
The effects of a carbonated carbohydrate drink on gastric emptying, gastrointestinal distress, and exercise performance, 1992
Responses to varying rates of carbohydrate ingestion during exercise, 1991
Gastric emptying with repeated drinking during running and bicycling, 1990
Carbohydrate-electrolyte replacement during a simulated triathlon in the heat, 1990
Influence of carbohydrate ingestion on counterregulatory hormones during prolonged exercise, 1990
Fluid replacement drinks during high intensity exercise: effects on minimizing exercise-induced disturbances in homeostasis, 1990
Effects of 4 h preexercise carbohydrate feedings on cycling performance, 1989
Exercise and training effects on gastric emptying of carbohydrate beverages, 1989
The effects of glucose, fructose, and sucrose ingestion during exercise, 1989
Gastric emptying: influence of prolonged exercise and carbohydrate concentration, 1989
Effect of carbohydrate intake during warming-up on the regulation of blood glucose during exercise, 1989
Eating, drinking, and cycling. A controlled Tour de France simulation study, Part II. Effect of diet manipulation, 1989
Carbohydrate feeding and exercise: effect of beverage carbohydrate content, 1989
Effects of carbohydrate ingestion on gastric emptying and exercise performance, 1988
Carbohydrate-electrolyte drinks: effects on endurance cycling in the heat, 1988
Effects of ingesting 6% and 12% glucose/electrolyte beverages during prolonged intermittent cycling in the heat, 1988
[The nutrition of cyclists during training exercises and competitions], 1988
Effects of carbohydrate ingestion on gastric emptying and exercise performance, 1988
Effect of pre-exercise carbohydrate feedings on endurance cycling performance, 1987
The effect of fluid and carbohydrate feedings during intermittent cycling exercise, 1987
Carbohydrate feeding and glycogen synthesis during exercise in man, 1987
Influence of selected carbohydrate drinks on cycling performance and glycogen use, 1987
Endurance of cyclists given carbohydrate solutions during moderate-intensity rides, 1986
Hydration during exercise. Effects on thermal and cardiovascular adjustments, 1986
Effect of carbohydrate feedings on muscle glycogen utilization and exercise performance, 1984
The hydration and electrolyte maintenance properties of an experimental sports drink, 1983
Effects of preexercise feedings on endurance performance, 1979